StudyFinds Blotter: Other Notable Health Studies & Research From May 3, 2022 - Study Finds

2022-05-05 09:24:51 By : Mr. Andy WANG

There are dozens of studies, innovations, and research findings released everyday by institutions and clinics across the world. Here’s a look at some of the other notable health reports from May 3.

Subtle racial slights at work cause job dissatisfaction, burnout among black employees Black employees face a host of subtle verbal, behavioral and environmental slights related to their physical appearance, work ethic, integrity and more, causing job dissatisfaction and burnout, according to a new study from Rice University.

Children Without Diapers Sleep Poorly Children whose parents cannot afford diapers do not get quality sleep, according to a study by the Rutgers School of Nursing.

Research Brief: diet type can increase potentially harmful gas in the gut Published in Clinical Nutrition, researchers from the University of Minnesota Medical School looked at colonic hydrogen sulfide — a toxic gas in the body that smells like rotten eggs — production in people in response to animal- and plant-based diet interventions.

USF researchers uncover misnomer in mental illness recovery University of South Florida (USF) psychologists are challenging stereotypes surrounding mental illness – finding that some conditions are not always chronic and can still allow for one to thrive.

New open-source software automates RNA analysis to speed up research and drug development Scientists at Scripps Research have unveiled a new software tool for studying RNA (ribonucleic acid) molecules, which have a host of critical roles in organisms.

Scripps Research study reveals how alcohol cravings get stronger after drinking during withdrawal For some people with alcohol use disorder, it might be the sight of a familiar bar or a favorite bottle; for others, it might be the feeling of leaving the office after a stressful day at work or stepping into a crowded party.

New UCI study reveals brain circuit responsible for cocaine withdrawal-induced anxiety and relapse-related behavior New research from the University of California, Irvine, finds that drug withdrawal-induced anxiety and reinstatement of drug seeking behaviors are controlled by a single pathway in the brain and centered around dopamine cells.

BrainHealth Research Demonstrates Cognitive Training Improves Student Learning New research from Center for BrainHealth® at The University of Texas at Dallas demonstrates that professional development with a focus on neuroscience equips teachers with the tools and confidence to reduce learning gaps in eighth grade students, as measured by State of Texas Assessment of Academic Readiness (STAAR) performance.

Campaign reduces car idling at two elementary schools An anti-idling campaign at two Salt Lake County elementary schools was effective in reducing idling time by 38%, and an air monitoring experiment found that air quality around schools can vary over short distances.

Combination of drugs for obesity and Type 2 diabetes may be more effective than a single therapy Canadian and German researchers are teaming up to identify new drug combinations to treat people with obesity and Type 2 diabetes.

Finding Your Car in a Parking Lot Relies on This Newly Discovered Brain Circuit When exploring a new environment, mice make use of a unique long-distance connection in the brain that prompts them to pay attention to the most salient features of the environment, according to new research from UC San Francisco.

A Concordia-made tool assessing indoor COVID-19 transmission risks expands across North America It is becoming increasingly likely that humanity will have to learn to live with COVID-19. But that does not mean we should be letting our guards down or ignoring the way it spreads throughout the population.

Shuffling the Deck We all must play the game of life with the cards we’re dealt, so the common aphorism goes. In biology, this means organisms must compete through natural selection with the genes and anatomy they were born with.

Dog coronavirus jumps to humans, with a protein shift Cornell researchers have identified a shift that occurs in canine coronavirus that points to a possible pattern of change found in other coronaviruses and which may provide clues to how they transmit to humans from animals.

For stroke survivors, modified cardiac rehabilitation can reduce the chances of death by 76% Survivors of serious stroke can reduce their chances of dying within the year by 76% if they complete a modified cardiac rehabilitation program that includes medically supervised exercise, prescribed therapy, and physician follow-up, according to new research published in the Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases, published by Elsevier.

Brain metastasis looking back in the mirror The spreading of different types of cancer cells to the brain, forming brain metastases, is the main cause of morbidity and mortality associated to cancer.

Evaluating the Outcomes of the Menthol Cigarette Ban in England by Comparing Menthol Cigarette Smoking Among Youth in England, Canada, and the US, 2018-2020 This survey study of 7067 youth smokers found that the menthol cigarette ban in England was associated with a significant reduction in the prevalence of menthol cigarette smoking, from 12.1% to 3.0%.

Face shape influences mask fit, suggests problems with double masking against COVID-19 In its updated guidance at the start of 2022, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said loosely woven cloth masks offer the least protection against COVID-19, and N95 and KN95 masks offer the most protection.

Study of Promising Alzheimer’s Marker in Blood Prompts Warning About Brain-Boosting Supplements Elevated levels of an enzyme called PHGDH in the blood of older adults could be an early warning sign of Alzheimer’s disease, and a study led by the University of California San Diego provides new evidence to support this claim.

Why is the 100-year-old BCG vaccine so broadly protective in newborns? The century-old Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine against tuberculosis is one of the world’s oldest and most widely used vaccines, used to immunize 100 million newborns every year.

A unique machine-learning model predicts homelessness among U.S. soldiers before their transition to civilian life Researchers led by Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Harvard Medical School (HMS) have found that lifetime depression, trauma of having a loved one murdered, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are the three greatest predictors of homelessness among U.S. Army soldiers after transitioning to civilian life.

Brain Networks Can Play Role in Weight Loss Success When it comes to weight loss, the old adage it’s all in your head may be true. Scientists at Wake Forest University School of Medicine have shown that two specific networks in the brain can strongly influence how successful a person will be when trying to lose weight.

Study preserves memory in mice, offering promising new basis for active immunization against Alzheimer’s disease During experiments in animal models, researchers at the University of Kansas have discovered a possible new approach to immunization against Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

Albert Einstein College of Medicine Receives $11.3M NIH Grant to Expand the Einstein-Rockefeller-CUNY Center for AIDS Research The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded Albert Einstein College of Medicine a five-year, $11.3 million grant to renew the Einstein-Rockefeller-CUNY Center for AIDS Research (ERC-CFAR) and expand its efforts to prevent, treat and cure HIV infection, and thereby reduce the burden of HIV, locally, nationally, and internationally.

Emphysema Severity Associated with Higher Lung Cancer Risk CT-detected emphysema is linked to a higher risk of lung cancer, a risk that increases with emphysema severity, according to a new study published in Radiology.

PCORI offers up to $262 million to fund new research on postpartum care, hypertension management, and other high-priority topics The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) today began accepting proposals for new studies and implementation projects through seven funding opportunities.

UNC Blood Clot Expert Working with NASA to Study Blood Flow, Clot Formation in Zero Gravity Are astronauts more likely to develop blood clots during space missions due to zero gravity? That’s the question NASA is trying to answer with help from UNC School of Medicine’s StephanMoll, MD, professor in the UNC Department of Medicine.

Featured Speakers Announced for NUTRITION 2022 LIVE ONLINE Get the latest insights from leading nutrition scientists and practitioners at NUTRITION 2022 LIVE ONLINE, the flagship online meeting of the American Society for Nutrition.

New Tool Predicts COPD Risk for Diverse Groups UVA Health researchers and their collaborators have developed a better way to predict the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a progressive, potentially deadly form of lung inflammation, for people of non-European ancestry.

Repairing Tendons with Silk Proteins Just mentioning a ruptured Achilles tendon would make anyone wince. Tendon injuries are well known for their lengthy, difficult and often incomplete healing processes.

A better way to create compounds for pharmaceuticals, other chemicals What do gunpowder, penicillin and Teflon all have in common? They were inventions that took the world by storm, but they were all created by complete accident.

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals may impair bone health in male teens Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and phthalates (two types of endocrine -disrupting chemicals) may be associated with lower bone mineral density in male teens, according to a new study published in the  Endocrine  Society ’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Autistic Adults Report High Rates of COVID-19 Vaccination As reported in 2021, autistic adults, adults with intellectual disability and adults with mental health diagnoses have multiple risk factors for COVID-19 infection, and more severe disease if contracted.

Anti-bleeding drug is safe for ‘high-risk’ patients undergoing hip fracture surgery Tranexamic acid (TXA) – a medication given to reduce the risk of bleeding during some orthopaedic surgical procedures – can be safely used in patients with intertrochanteric (IT) hip fractures who are at high risk of blood clot-related complications, reports a study in TheJournal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Acute sleep loss may alter the way we see others A new study from Uppsala University shows that young adults when sleep-deprived evaluate angry faces as less trustworthy and healthy-looking.

Understanding swallowing difficulties after backbone surgical procedure can enhance high quality of life Difficulty swallowing is among the most typical issues of anterior cervical backbone surgical procedure (ACSS).

More formal education may translate to better health for Black women Among the finest issues Black ladies can do for his or her well being could also be to get a university schooling, in response to outcomes of a nationwide evaluation.

How a bot beamed from California to Japan may prevent cancer patients from losing their breasts unnecessarily Too many women are getting unnecessary mastectomies and other invasive procedures because of a knowledge gap about differences in cancer genes. A new study offers a path to closing the gap.

New research reveals how the black rat colonised Europe in the Roman and Medieval periods New ancient DNA analysis has shed light on how the black rat, blamed for spreading Black Death, dispersed across Europe – revealing that the rodent colonised the continent on two occasions in the Roman and Medieval periods.

Cognitive impairment from severe COVID-19 equivalent to 20 years of ageing, study finds Cognitive impairment as a result of severe COVID-19 is similar to that sustained between 50 and 70 years of age and is the equivalent to losing 10 IQ points, say a team of scientists from the University of Cambridge and Imperial College London.

Metabolic BMI can predict the risk of type 2 diabetes in normal weight patients Obesity and excess weight increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but individuals of normal weight can also develop the disease.

Dual membrane offers hope for long-term energy storage A new approach to battery design could provide the key to low-cost, long-term energy storage, according to Imperial College London researchers.

New WHO report: Europe can reverse its obesity “epidemic” The new WHO European Regional Obesity Report 2022, published on 3 May by the WHO Regional Office for Europe, reveals that overweight and obesity rates have reached epidemic proportions across the Region and are still escalating, with none of the 53 Member States of the Region currently on track to meet the WHO Global Noncommunicable Disease (NCD) target of halting the rise of obesity by 2025.

Study finds healthy-appearing lupus skin predisposed to flares, rashes People with lupus have overactive immune systems that attack their own tissue, causing inflammation throughout the body.

Nanofiber-based biodegradable millirobot that can release different drugs in targeted positions in the intestines A nanofiber-based biodegradable millirobot, called “Fibot”, was successfully developed in research led by a scholar from  City University of Hong Kong (CityU) .

Study sheds light on the benefits of exercise in fatty liver disease Exercise supports the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease by impacting on several metabolic pathways in the body, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows.

Brain folds formed during foetal stage could affect onset of dementia Frontotemporal dementia begins relatively early compared to other forms of dementia. We still know relatively little about what causes the disease, however, new research from Lund University in Sweden shows that the folds in the brain that are formed in the latter stages of pregnancy could have an impact on the age at which the disease takes hold.

Reactivation of HIV-1 gene expression to treat persistent HIV infection [Technology offer] Despite current effective and life-prolonging cART, HIV-1 can still not be cured. Indeed, the persistence of latently-infected resting CD4+ T cells harboring transcriptionally silent but replication competent HIV-1 proviruses seriously challenge the hope of HIV-1 eradication from cART-treated HIV-1 infected patients.

Professor: “B12 deficiency harms young children’s development – and the food relief we provide isn’t good enough” Vitamin B12 deficiency in infants leads to poor motor development and anaemia, according to a study from Burkina Faso conducted by the University of Copenhagen and Médecins Sans Frontières.

Fluorescent Probe for Bad Cooking Oil in the Portable Platform A research team led by Professor Young-Tae Chang of the Department of Chemistry at POSTECH (Associate director of Center for Self-assembly and Complexity at the Institute for Basic Science (IBS)) and Dr. Xiao Liu of IBS has developed the fluorescent molecular probe, BOS (Bad Oil Sensor), for highly sensitive detection of bad cooking oils for the first time in the world.

ARRS Annual Meeting: Impact of COVID-19 on Ventilation/Perfusion Scintigraphy A Scientific E-Poster presented during the 2022 ARRS Annual Meeting in New Orleans, LA discussed how to prevent contamination and spread of COVID-19 during nuclear medicine ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy (V/Q) by modifying to lung perfusion scintigraphy only.

Lessons from the Tuskegee experiment, 50 years after unethical study uncovered This year marks 50 years because it got here to mild that the nation’s main public well being company, the Public Well being Service, conceived an unethical “analysis examine” – the Tuskegee Experiment – that lasted for 40 years.

Student debt can impair your cardiovascular health into middle age Adults who failed to pay down student debt or took on new educational debt, between young adulthood and early mid-life face an elevated risk of cardiovascular illness, researchers report in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, published by Elsevier.

Study fills knowledge gaps about surgery outcomes for Inuit in Canada A team of Canadian researchers, including Inuit and other Indigenous researchers, have published the first study of Inuit surgical outcomes today in CMAJ Open.

Magnetism helps futuristic cell research Scientists at Korea’s Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST) have successfully sorted individual cells according to their size by making them jump off magnetic trampolines and into different clustering rooms.

Magnetic therapy pioneered by NUS researchers enhances chemotherapy treatment of breast cancer A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) is pioneering a novel magnetic therapy – delivered using the OncoFTX System – that serves as an effective companion therapy to chemotherapy to enhance treatment outcome for breast cancer.

The Policy Dominance of Universal Health Coverage Researchers at BUSM and the University of New Mexico report that Universal Health Coverage (UHC), has come to dominate discussions around how best to reform low- and middle-income countries’ (LMIC) health systems.

Opioid overdose death toll has risen more than 5-fold among Indigenous Americans over past decade Deaths from opioid overdose have more than quintupled in the Native American and Alaska communities over the last decade and are one of the first studies of this type to be published in open access journals.

Creator of Breakthrough Coronavirus Technology to Receive Inaugural McGuire Prize Dartmouth has announced that the inaugural McGuire Family Prize for Societal Impact will be presented to Jason McLellan, a structural biologist whose groundbreaking coronavirus research conducted at the Geisel School of Medicine laid the foundation for COVID-19 vaccines that have saved countless lives.

Metastatic Prostate Cancer OS Up Markedly Access to therapies approved over the last decade has significantly lengthened median survival times in patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer.

Affirmative action bans had ‘devastating impact’ on diversity in medical schools, UCLA-led study finds New UCLA-led research finds that in states with bans on affirmative action programs, the proportion of students from underrepresented racial and ethnic minority groups in U.S. public medical schools fell by more than one-third by five years after those bans went into effect.

Affirmative Action Bans and Enrollment of Students From Underrepresented Racial and Ethnic Groups in U.S. Public Medical Schools The percentage of U.S. physicians who identify as being from an underrepresented racial or ethnic group remains low relative to their proportion in the U.S. population.

Many pathologists agree overdiagnosis of skin cancer happens, but don’t change diagnosis behavior As the most serious type of skin cancer, a melanoma diagnosis carries emotional, financial and medical consequences. That’s why recent studies finding that there is an overdiagnosis of melanoma are a significant cause for concern.

Abnormal activity of brain circuit causes anorexia in animal model  A team of researchers at Baylor College of Medicine, Louisiana State University and collaborating institutions has discovered that abnormal activity in a particular brain circuit underlies anorexia in an animal model of the condition.

One-sport high school athletes prone to injury, burnout High school students who focus on one sport are more likely to get injured or suffer from burnout. But new research from the University of Georgia suggests their motivation for specializing in one sport is pure: love of the game and competition.

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